Guides & InfoThe Balearic Islands (Catalan and official name Illes Balears, Spanish name Islas Baleares) are an archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea, which forms an autonomous community of Spain. The capital is Palma de Mallorca.
The autonomous community consists of one Province.The official languages are Catalan and Spanish. The Catalan name, Illes Balears, is conventionally used by the government spagnolo.Le main islands are Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza and Formentera, all popular tourist destinations full of hotels and resorts with entertainment internazionale.Tra the minor islands is Cabrera, which houses the National Park of Cabrera.In strict sense, Majorca and Minorca are the Balearic Islands proper, while the islands of Ibiza and Formentera belong Pitiuse, but both groups are usually identified as Balearic. Historically, the islands were invaded by the Romans, became a Roman province with the Latin name of Baleares, the Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, and the Aragonese. The Aragonese initially ruled the Balearics by a vassal kingdom, the Kingdom of Mallorca. Later incorporated directly in the United Aragonese, in 1344, the latter kingdom was later absorbed by Spagna.Minorca was a British dependency in the eighteenth century.
Map of municipal divisions of the Spanish province of the Balearic Islands
You are not sure of the origin of the name of these islands, most likely derived from a native name, meaning lost, some say that could come from the greek word which means ballein launch since the fronzolieri island were famous mercenaries for the Mediterranean . The two westernmost islands (Ibiza and Formentera) Pitiusse were called by the Greeks, that is, islands of pine trees.
Civilization is a movement protohistoric Talayotic spread during the late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, from 1100 BC to 700 BC and persisted even in the early stages of hegemony Phoenician, Carthaginian and Roman times. Similar to the Sardinian nuragica Civilization, this civilization is also known under the name Talayot, arising from the structures such talayots tower. Earliest traces of this civilization have been found in caves, both for residential and burial, where emerged funerary objects such as vases, pots and knives. The increased balearica cultural expression, it remains the architecture, which flourished alongside to talayots of various shapes and sizes, including the navetas, funerary structures from the forms of an overturned hull. The talayots played a role, especially, military and not by chance were built at strategic points to control coste.Tra buildings also include a religious shrines, containing the characteristic monoliths, called Tauli, forming a sort of sacrificial altar.